The treatment of CKD includes
• Treating the cause such as such as high blood pressure
• Treating complications
o High blood pressure medications
Treatment for end-stage kidney disease
o Medications to lower cholesterol levels
o Medications to treat anemia ( Iron , erythropoietin )
o Medications to relieve swelling. In the legs ( Diuretics)
o Medications to protect the bones ( Calcium and Vitamin D)
o A lower protein diet to minimize waste products in the blood
• Avoid products with added salt
e.g. chips , salty snack foods, canned vegetables, and processed meats and cheeses.
• Choose lower potassium foods
such as apples, cabbage, carrots, green beans, grapes and strawberries. Be aware that high-potassium foods include bananas, oranges, potatoes, spinach and tomatoes.
• Limit the amount of protein
The dietician will estimate the appropriate number of grams of protein needed each day by the patient and make the appropriate recommendations. High-protein foods include lean meats, eggs, milk, cheese and beans. Low-protein foods include vegetables, fruits, breads and cereals.